1. The Great wall
The Great Wall, located in northern China, is 6,700 kilometers long and thus known as the “10,000-li Great Wall”. Construction of the wall went on for more than 2,000 years, from 7th century t
14th century AD. The wall has become a symbol of both China’s proud history and its present strength.
2. The Palace Museum
The Palace Museum, also called the Forbidden City, is located in the center of Beijing.
The imperial palace used by emperors of the Ming and Qing Dynasties is the largest and most
complete ancient wooden-structure building complex in the world. Construction of the
Forbidden City started in 1406 and lasted 14 years.
24 emperors were enthroned there.
3.Qinshihuang’s Mausoleum and Terra-cotta Army
Qinshihuang’s Mausoleum is located in Lintong District, 35 kilometers east of Xi’an,
capital of Shaanxi Province. Construction of the mausoleum lasted 38 years and involved
over 700,000 workers.
Over the years, a total of 50,000 important cultural relics have been unearthed. In 1980,
two bronze painted horse-drawn chariots were unearthed. They are the largest and most complete
bronze chariots and horses discovered so far.
In 1974, farmers who were digging a well about 1.5 kilometers east of Qinshihuangs Mausoleum
discovered three vaults containing Qinshihuang’s Buried Legion. The largest of the three vaults contains 6,000
life-size terr-cottar warriors and horses. The collection of warriors is often dubbed the
“eighth wonder of the world”.
4.Lijiang Ancient City
Lijiang ancient city, located in Lijiang, Yunnan Province, is an ancient town inhabited
mainly by the Naxi minority people. The town was founded in 1127. The roads in the town
are paved with colored pebbles produced in Lijiang, and there are many stone bridges and
memorial archways built during the Ming and Qing Dynasties. Most of the residences are
made of earth and wood. Palace murals depicting religious themes were painted during the
Ming Dynasty. The traditional Dongba Culture of the Naxi ethnic group has been preserved in Lijiang.
5.Qufu, Confusius’Mansion, Temple and Cemetery
Qufu, in southwestern Shandong Province, was the capital of the state of Lu during
the Spring and Autumn Period (770-476 BC) and the hometown of Confusius, a great
thinker and educator. Confucius Mansion was the residence of Confucius’ eldest male
descendants for generation.
The mansion holds more than 9,000 volumes of archives dating from 1534 to 1948 and
many cultural relics, ancient costumes, and utensils. Confucius’ Temple is famous
for its 2,000 stone steles and more than 100 portrait stones from the Han Dynasty.
Confucius’ Cemetery houses tombs for Confucius and his descendants.